Diabetes Foot Care Tips

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the western world, with tens of millions of patients in the US alone. It can lead to serious nerve damage, infections and circulation problems in severe cases. Some of the most affected areas of the body are the feet and the lower part of the legs. Having a good diabetes management plan can prove effective in fighting this debilitating side effect. A healthy lifestyle consisting of a carefully planned diet coupled with regular physical activity may do miracles in the long run. Also, careful monitoring of blood sugar levels and regular physician visits are crucial when fighting diabetes.

 

A good diabetic foot-care program is essential when dealing with this terrible condition and all diabetes patients need to know the following tips:

 

Inspect and check your feet daily for sores, redness, blisters, bruises or cuts. Make sure you look meticulously at the toes, sides, heels, soles and even the area between each of your toes. Any peculiar sign should be visible upon careful inspection, and you should contact your doctor immediately.

 

Diabetes patients should wash their feet daily using warm water and mild, soft, non-aggressive soap. Be careful to check the temperature of the water before placing your feet. Many diabetes patients do not feel the temperature in the foot area because of poor circulation and there is a high risk of burns if the water is too hot.

 

Keep the skin on your feet hydrated at all times. Diabetes patients run the risk of having dryer skin which can result in ruptures, cracks and cuts. These can lead to serious complications and must be treated urgently. Therefore, always use lotion or any type of oil that can prevent the skin from becoming to dry. Do not apply lotion or oils on sore spots as it can become painful.

 

Try to keep the feet as dry as possible after washing, by using a soft cloth. Move it gently across sensitive areas to prevent any ruptures or sores. Remember to dry up the area between the toes.

 

Keep your feet warm if the environment is cold, or try to cool them in excessively warm environments. However, don’t use aggressive tools to achieve this, such as electric blankets, heating pads, hot water bottles or ice packs. This will lead to a temperature shock and create unwanted adverse effects.

Avoid dangerous situations for the feet, for instance walking on sand, grass or pavement barefoot. There are a lot of concealed risks, such as pins, sharp stones or twigs which can damage the sensitive skin. Because of the poor circulation in the area, the recovery is slow and difficult and there is a risk of infection if the wound is not treated properly.

 

Do not try to remove calluses, warts, corns or other lesions all by yourself, especially if you are using dangerous tools like razors or callus removers. The risk of cutting yourself is high and it can lead to serious situations. The best way to get rid of such lesions is to head to a podiatrist, which are specialized in dealing with sensitive foot areas and diabetic foot-care cases.